How did cryptocurrency come about?

The term cryptography describes a science that encrypts information or data and protects it accordingly. The first approach to a digital currency based on cryptography goes back to the end of the last millennium, namely to the year 1998. However, another ten years passed before it was actually implemented, until a peer-to in November 2008 under the identity of Satoshi Nakamato -Peer Electronic Cash System has been published – a payment system that links the payee directly with the payer without the intermediary of a bank.

Even if one assumes today that behind this pseudonym there is a whole group of developers who fell into disagreements in the course of the process, it is undisputed what they created. They published the so-called Bitcoin protocol in a whitepaper. This protocol is considered to be the founding document of virtual currencies and is a kind of answer to the classic banking system.

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Bitcoin as the first digital currency

In 2009, the starting signal was given for the new era of digital payments. Bitcoin was the very first digital currency and is still by far the best-known crypto coin worldwide. So when you talk about the history of cryptocurrencies, you are also talking about the history of bitcoin.

The price increase of Bitcoin has since attracted countless imitators. There are now said to be more than 1,000 cryptocurrencies – the best known besides Bitcoin are Ethereum, Ripple and Cardano.

But what is a Bitcoin anyway and how does this payment system work?

Bitcoins are often compared to gold and the bitcoins are also “mined”, but bitcoins are not real money. They only exist virtually and are managed in a digital wallet, a so-called Bitcoin wallet, in which the private cryptographic keys for your own Bitcoins are stored. These can be sent to a different address, i.e. a different wallet, at any time across the entire Bitcoin network without data being stored – the process is completely anonymous and without middlemen such as banks. The decentralized network that manages the credits and payments is called the blockchain. The blockchain is a distributed data structure – to put it simply, a kind of digital cash book with which every transaction can be precisely tracked.

Posted by Lyndsey Annabel in Crypto